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Global helioseismic evidence for a deeply penetrating Solar meridional flow consisting of multiple flow cells

Author: Markus Roth
Affiliation: Kiepenheuer-Institut für Sonnenphysik

Co-authors: Ariane Schad, Jens Timmer

Main category: Natural Sciences (Astronomy)

We use a novel global helioseismic analysis method to infer the meridional flow in the deep Solar interior. The method is based on the perturbation of eigenfunctions of Solar p modes due to meridional flow. We apply this method to time series obtained from Dopplergrams measured by the Michelson Doppler Imager aboard the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) covering the observation period 2004–2010. Our results show evidence that the meridional flow reaches down to the base of the convection zone. The flow profile has a complex spatial structure consisting of multiple flow cells distributed in depth and latitude. Toward the Solar surface, our results are in good agreement with flow measurements from local helioseismology.

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