National Solar Observatory
Natural Sciences (Astrophysics and Astrononmy)
We study the solar-cycle variation of the zonal and meridional flow in the near-surface layers of the solar convection zone from the surface to a depth of about 16 Mm. We have analyzed Dopplergrams obtained with the Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) onboard the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), the Global Oscillation Network Group (GONG),and the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) onboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) with a dense-pack ring-diagram analysis. The three data sets combined cover almost two solar cycles. The zonal and meridional flows vary with the solar cycle. Their amplitude variation tracks the mean latitude of activity and appears about three years before magnetic activity is visible in synoptic maps of the solar surface. We focus on the variation of the zonal and meridional flows, including their long-term variation at mid- and low-latitudes using GONG and MDI data and their variation at the high latitudes that are now accessible using HMI data. We will present the latest results.
Komm et al., 2015, Solar Physics, DOI: 10.1007/s11207-015-0729-5
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