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Markus Roth
Kiepenheuer-Institut fuer Sonnenphysik
Position
Research Group Leader
Department
Field of research
Natural Sciences (Astrophysics and Astrononmy)
Email
mroth@kis.uni-freiburg.de
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Global helioseismic evidence for a deeply penetrating Solar meridional flow consisting of multiple flow cells
Natural Sciences (Astrophysics and Astrononmy)
1228 views
Date of upload:
23.06.2015
Co-author:
Ariane Schad, Jens Timmer
Abstract:
We use a novel global helioseismic analysis method to infer the meridional flow in the deep Solar interior. The method is based on the perturbation of eigenfunctions of Solar p modes due to meridional flow. We apply this method to time series obtained from Dopplergrams measured by the Michelson Doppler Imager aboard the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) covering the observation period 2004–2010. Our results show evidence that the meridional flow reaches down to the base of the convection zone. The flow profile has a complex spatial structure consisting of multiple flow cells distributed in depth and latitude. Toward the Solar surface, our results are in good agreement with flow measurements from local helioseismology.
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Meridional Circulation and Global Solar Oscillations
Natural Sciences (Astrophysics and Astrononmy)
948 views
Date of upload:
23.06.2015
Co-author:
Michael Stix
Abstract:
We investigate the influence of large-scale meridional circulation on solar p-modes by quasi-degenerate perturbation theory, as proposed by Lavely and Ritzwoller (1992). As an input flow we use various models of stationary meridional circulation obeying the continuity equation. This flow perturbs the eigenmodes of an equilibrium model of the Sun. We derive the signatures of the meridional circulation in the frequency multiplets of solar p-modes. In most cases the meridional circulation leads to negative average frequency shifts of the multiplets. Further possible observable effects are briefly discussed.
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The Importance of Long-term Synoptic Observations and Data Sets for Solar Physics and Helioseismology
Natural Sciences (Astrophysics and Astrononmy)
878 views
Date of upload:
15.03.2016
Co-author:
Yvonne Elsworth, Anne-Marie Broomhall, Sanjay Gosain, Stuart M. Jefferies, Frank Hill
Abstract:
A casual single glance at the Sun would not lead an observer to conclude that it varies. The discovery of the 11-year sunspot cycle was only made possible through systematic daily observations of the Sun over 150 years and even today historic sunspot drawings are used to study the behavior of past solar cycles. The origin of solar activity is still poorly understood as shown by the number of different models that give widely different predictions for the strength and timing of future cycles. Our understanding of the rapid transient phenomena related to solar activity, such as ares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) is also insufficient and making reliable predictions of these events, which can adversely impact technology, remains elusive. There is thus still much to learn about the Sun and its activity that requires observations over many solar cycles. In particular, modern helioseismic observations of the solar interior currently span only 1.5 cycles, which is far too short to adequately sample the characteristics of the plasma ows that govern the dynamo mechanism underlying solar activity. In this paper, we review some of the long-term solar and helioseismic observations and outline some future directions.
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Recent developments in helioseismic analysis methods and solar data assimilation
Natural Sciences (Astrophysics and Astrononmy)
861 views
Date of upload:
15.03.2016
Co-author:
Abstract:
We overview recent advances and results in enhancing and developing helioseismic analysis methods and in solar data assimilation. In the first part of this paper we will focus on selected developments in time-distance and global helioseismology. In the second part of this paper, we review the application of data assimilation methods on solar data. Relating solar surface observations as well as helioseismic proxies with solar dynamo models by means of the techniques from data assimilation is a promising new approach to explore and to predict the magnetic activity cycle of the Sun.

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